Jujube

Jujube

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Zizyphus vulgaris L.

The Jujube belongs to the family Rhamnaceae Plant native to Asia where it is cultivated. In Italy there is since the time of the Romans. 6-7 meters tall tree, looking rather twisted, with irregular branches and spiny (each node has a pair of small spines), the bark of the branches is rough, reddish brown. The leaves, deciduous, small, alternate, ovate, are shiny and leathery, spiny stipules present and page hilly. The flowers are small and greenish in June. The fruits look like large olives are dark brown to red ripe the flesh is firm, compact, pleasantly acidic flavor, light green in color. Has a very slow growth, as well as making fruit. It is able to adapt to various soils, resistant to drought situations thanks to a strong root system well developed in depth; prefers light soil, not wet, sub-neutral or alkaline. Lives in areas with a temperate climate with winter minimum temperatures not lower than 10 ° C and long hot summers. The plant may be damaged by early frosts in autumn, so in northern areas under cultivation is only possible as a special microclimate near the lakes or hills well exposed. In Italy there are cultivars selected, but only in general terms of the types indicated: - Exploiting long; - A round fruit. Both have good organoleptic characteristics and high productivity.