Quince Tree

Quince Tree

Cydonia oblonga Mill.

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A native of Asia Minor and the Caucasus area, the Quince is mainly spread nell'areale western Mediterranean and China. Like the apple and the pear too Quince (Cydonia oblonga Mill.) Belongs to the family Rosaceae and subfamily Pomoideae. There are two types of quince in the shape of the fruit: maliformi and pear-shaped. Fruits vary in size, sometimes asymmetrical. The skin is thickly covered with hair that disappears when ripe incipient deep golden yellow. The pulp is easily oxidisable and often rich in sclereidi and astringent. Production is on the branches of the year, is also flowering late (April-May). It 'very sensitive to calcium, drought, late frost can damage the production, although it is resistant to cold, due to late maturation. The species is currently best known as the rootstock the tree. There are many varieties. - Champion (fruit maliformi, medium small, with medium vigor and productive tree); - Portugal (maliformi fruit, medium small, with pronounced ribs, tree production and average force); - Maliforme Tencara (fruit maliformi regular, vigorous and productive trees); - De Berecski (fruit pear-shaped, medium in size, with average tree vigor and unproductive); - Smyrna (pear-shaped fruit, with extroversion breast height, productivity and vigor averages); - Giant Vrana (fruit pear-shaped, large in scale, vigorous and productive trees); - Lescovatz (pear-shaped fruits of medium size, tree vigor and good high productivity). Pruning: branches should be removed which have already produced, suckers and suckers, as you must leave the branches of a year and do not have to check the branches placed horizontally (otherwise be lost to production). If you want more force run speronature. The average production is 60 t / ha but could be up to 80 t / ha. The collection is done in the ripening period in September-October and is facilitated by large pieces of fruit. Most of the product is delivered to the type that prefers maliforme, very little is conservation, which uses pre-harvest treatments. Being rich in pectin can be used as a thickener in the preparation of jams with fruit low in this substance. Property enjoys tonic-astringent and anti-inflammatory digestive tract.