Cornel Tree

Cornel Tree

Cornus mas L.

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The Corniolo belongs to the family of Cornaceae. Species native to Europe to the Black Sea in southern Italy is lacking only in the islands. Tree from two to six meters high (exceptionally up to 8 m). The leaves are 4-10 cm long, opposite, petiolate, oval and elliptical acuminate at the top, deciduous, with ribs converging towards the tip. The flowers precede fogliazione, are yellow and very small and equal the size of 4-5 mm. Fruits (drupes) bright red, they become more 'dark, mature, measuring nearly 2 cm. It grows in all types of terrain. Plant long-lived. In Italy there are several cultivars: 'Golden Glory', 'Variegata', "Golden" and "Elegant". Suitable to be eaten fresh. To produce beverages, liquors, sweets, jellies, sauces, jams and gourmet recipes. Preserved under alcohol (such as cherries) and brine (like olives). As a medicinal plant for the action tonic-astringent fruits, against enteritis, in the treatment of diseases of skin, joint pain and disorders of metabolism. Roots, bark and buds were used to treat fever with action similar to wood china. The pulp is used in cosmetics as an astringent for oily skin or seborrheic. Wood lends itself to produce objects of turning. As an ornamental plant in parks and gardens, the leaves and the myriad of bright yellow flowers in very early schiusura. The fruits are much sought after by wildlife.