Biricoccolo - Susincocco

Biricoccolo - Susincocco

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SUSINCOCCO Synonyms: plumcot. susincocco - prune cresammola - apricot black - apricot Pope - susinoalbicocco - albicoccovioletto. This species whose name is "Prunus Desycarpa" is a hybrid derived from a natural cross between the apricot and plum myrobalan Prunus armeniaca Prunus cerasifera. Characteristics intermediate between the two parents and is resistant to winter cold. Need to be pollinated to bear fruit from apricot or plum myrobalan. Some scholars believe that these plants are made of natural hybrids from a cross between Prunus armeniaca (apricot Traditional), and Prunus cerasifera (myrobalan plum). In 1791 the Ehrhart specified it as an entity in itself, called prunus dasycarpa, attributing the synonym of apricot black (Manaresi, 1950). The varieties of Biricoccole (with fruits very similar in shape and color) available in Italy are two, namely: Big early is cultivated in the province of Bologna. The fruit is medium size (gr. 30-40) peel tomentosa, has a yellow background color and overlying red. The flesh is yellow tinged with red, sweet, pleasant and fragrant at full ripeness. Matures and is harvested from June 20 to July 15 in the north and from June 1 to June 20 at the center. Pruna cresammola is the Biricoccole the Vesuvian area. The fruit peel storm, and of small to medium size (gr. 23-30), yellow with overlying red. The flesh is yellow tinged with intensely red, tender, juicy, sweet and aromatic to full maturity. Maturation and scale, begins in mid-June or even earlier with southern exposure and continues up to 25-30 of that month. The Biricoccole was mentioned for the first time in Europe by the French abbot Nolin and Blavet in 1755 under the name "purple apricot. Subsequently other authors have cited the species with the name of apricot black, apricot and plum-apricot Pope. The origin of the species is uncertain and the plant does not exist in the wild. (One study lasting 15 years on Biricoccole was carried out between 30 and 40 by Prof. Angelo Manaresi, owner, at that time the chair of the Institute of Bologna University of tree crops. This study has helped to illustrate the plant highlighting the merits, defects and the possibilities of cultivation). Being a hybrid derived from a cross between casual and natural apricot and plum myrobalan its presence can be detected in all areas where these two species are widespread. The species is cultivated in western China and Asia-central South America. Flowers Flowering takes place after the dell'albicocco and almost simultaneously with the myrobalan plum (late March-April). The flower is medium to small with white petals suffused with pink. Flowering takes place prior to the issuing of the leaves. The pollen has a high percentage of infertility and this is justified by the hybrid nature of the species. Thus the plant is sterile and intersterile.